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La Leche League Resources

LLLI articles on disaster/emergency/crisis nursing
Frequency of Feeding FAQs
Milk Donation and Sharing
Donating blood
Drip-Drop Feeding 
Hand expressing milk
Cup Feeding
Disaster: Breastfeeding Is a Life Line
Breastfeeding and Coronavirus Resources


Other Resources

AAP – Infant Nutrition During a Disaster: Breastfeeding and other options


Australian Breastfeeding Association
• Helping mothers and babies in emergencies (1)
• Helping mothers and babies in emergencies (2)


Gribble and Berry – Emergency Preparedness for Infants

• Emergency supplies required for breastfed infants or for feeding infants ready-to-use infant formula or powdered milk
• Examples of media messages on infant feeding issues at different stages of an emergency


How to Express and Heat Treat Breast Milk found on Emergency Nutrition Network (ENN)


International Baby Food Action Network – International Code Documentation Centre (IBFAN-ICDC) information

• Factsheet on Feeding Babies in Emergencies

• Focus on Code and Infant Feeding in Emergencies summary document prepared as contribution to WBW 2009


Infant Feeding in Emergencies (IFE) found on Emergency Nutrition Network (ENN)

• Module 1 – information for emergency relief staff
• Module 2 – information for health and nutrition workers in emergency situations for training, practice and reference

• Operational Guidance for Emergency Relief Staff

• Protecting Infants in Emergencies: information for the media
• Protecting Infants in Emergencies: the role of the public


Infant Feeding Support for Refugee Children created by IFE Core Group
• Feeding Your Baby as You Travel (color version)
• Feeding Babies and Young Children: Key points for helpers
• Key Phrases for Feeding Assessments and Support, multi-lingual


International Lactation Consultant Association (ILCA) information
Background Information for Breastfeeding: A Vital Emergency Response,BfdgVitalEmergencyResponse.pdf

• Facts About Breastfeeding in an Emergency: Especially for Health Care Providers
• Facts About Breastfeeding in an Emergency: Especially for Relief Workers
• Infant and Young Child Feeding Position Paper published in Journal of Human Lactation (2014)


NCBI – Heat Treatment of Expressed Breast Milk is a Feasible Option for Feeding HIV Exposed, Uninfected Children After 6 Months of Age in Rural Zimbabwe


EAPRO, UNICEF 2006 – Supporting families to optimally feed infants and young children in emergencies: An important guide for health and relief workers


UNICEF – Programming Guide for Infant and Young Child Feeding


UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) information
• Policy Related to the Acceptance, Distribution and Use of Milk Products in Refugee Situations
• Guidance on Infant Feeding in the context of refugees and displaced populations

United States Breastfeeding Committee (USBC) – Breastfeeding and Emergencies


United States Office of Human Services – Infant Feeding During Disasters (infographic)


WABA – factsheet on feeding infants in emergencies


Wellstart International – Infant and Young Child Feeding in Emergency Situations



*Parts of the contents of this page was generously supplied by La Leche League International

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